Gender, HIV/AIDS and Stigma: Understanding prejudice against women coping with HIV/AIDS
1 . Background and reason
Major of the World SUPPORTS campaign intended for the years 2002-2003 has been specifically on stigma, discrimination and human privileges.
The primary objective of the campaign was going to prevent, decrease and in the end eliminate HIV/AIDS stigma and discrimination, where ever, it occurred and all in its forms. HIV/AIDS related stigma and elegance are widespread, occurring atlanta divorce attorneys country and region. It can be triggered by many people forces, which include lack of comprehension of the disease, myths about how HIV is sent, prejudice, lack of treatment, irresponsible media revealing on the epidemic, the fact that Aids is incurable, sociable fears about sexuality, anxieties relating to health issues and loss of life (Peter Aggleton & Richard Parker, 2002: 5).
Around the world, shame and stigma connected with HIV/AIDS include silenced open discussion, both of its causes and of suitable responses. This has caused those infected with HIV and affected by the disease to truly feel guilty and ashamed, unable to express all their views and fearful that they can not be studied seriously. And in addition they have led politicians and policy-makers in various countries to deny there is a problem, and this urgent actions needs to be used.
The power associations that underscore gender relationships and that firmly intersect with discrimination of women mean that females are unable to state " NoвЂќ to undesirable or vulnerable, unguarded, isolated, exposed, unshielded, at risk sex. You will discover well-documented circumstances of people with HIV/AIDS getting stigmatised, discriminated against and denied use of services on the grounds of their serostatus. At work, in education, in health care and in the community, persons may lack the education to comprehend that HIV/AIDS cannot be transmitted through each day contact, plus they may not be aware that infection may be avoided by the adoption of relatively simple safeguards (Peter Aggleton & Richard Parker, 2002: 5).
HIV stigma doesn't just come out of the green; it is regarding deep-rooted sociable fears and anxieties. Therefore , understanding even more about these concerns and the norms they enhance, is essential to adequately answering HIV/AIDS related stigma and discrimination. Otherwise, we run the risk of producing programmes and interventions that are not comprehensive, as a result achieving very little impact.
Precisely what is stigma?
Stigma is a procedure for devaluation. The origins in the word " stigmaвЂќ may be traced to classical Greece where outcasts groups brand, or physically marked as being a permanent measure of their position. A stigma is any characteristic that sets someone or group apart from the most the population, together with the result the fact that individual or perhaps group can be treated with suspicion or hostility (Giddens, 2000: 127). AIDS is usually an example of illness as stigma. Most forms of illness arouse feelings of sympathy or perhaps compassion amongst non-sufferers.
When an illness is seen as uncommonly infectious, yet , or is perceived as somehow a draw of dishonour, the вЂhealthy' population might reject affected individuals. This was the case of people afflicted with leprosy in the Middle Ages, who were thought to be sinners punished simply by God, and were therefore disowned and compelled to live in distinct leper groupe (Giddens, 2k: 127). Actually, in South Africa, the famous Robben Island is a huge place where leprosy people where retained away from contemporary society. Stigma is usually not exclusive to HIV/AIDS only. It is often documented with other infectious diseases such as TB and Syphilis. It is common with diseases that are seen as not curable, disfiguring and severe.
Within a less intense way, SUPPORTS often provokes such stigmatization today, despite the fact that, like leprosy, the danger of contracting the disease in ordinary day-to-day situations is almost nil. While a person who is HIV positive may possibly live for quite some time without growing AIDS, as soon as the disease looks, it is efficiently " a death sentenceвЂќ (Giddens, 2150: 127). Its effects happen to be...
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