East211 Ch 1 Records Essay

The Neolithic Age group

• Archeological evidence

u Humanoids were living as long as 1 million yrs ago in Freebie southwest China; employed fire ▪ Fossils present in Yunnan region

o Peking man (a proto-human) lived about half a million years ago in North China and tiawan; used fireplace & primitive flaked/stone equipment ▪ Fossils discovered near Beijing

• Neolothic ( cultures with polished rock implements, pottery, agriculture to South Cina

▪ Rice cultivation

← Warm, moist climate best for rice farming ▪ Elevating of dogs

o North China

▪ Millet fostering

2 accounts of the beginnings of Chinese civilization

• 1) The nuclear area thesis (Kwang-chih Chang, 1960's) o Earliest modern story

u Argues that Chinese civilization originated from a single culture of millet maqui berry farmers (Yangshao culture) in the North China Flatlands. Around 5000 B. C. E. that they radiated outwards ▪ College students tracked the diffusion of Yangshao based upon the movement of material tradition • 2) The interactive spheres thesis

to A revising of nuclear area thesis (Chang altered his mind) o States that the Yangshao was 1 culture amongst many. About 4000 W. C. Elizabeth., Neolithic ethnicities in the North China Plains started posting & trading technology. Around 3000 B. C. E., many of these cultures converged & gave climb to China ▪ Considers discoveries of other nationalities in various elements of China (such as Daxi & Xinle) ▪ Discover map, number 1 . 2, p. a few

o Criticisms

▪ Questioned whether China surfaced as a one, coherent world as early as 3 thousands B. C. E. ( material data show a whole lot of ethnic variation following your Neolithic Grow older ▪ Chinese civilization can be described as relatively recent advent ( absence of a single word in Chinese language for China and tiawan until the nineteenth century

The origins of Chinese publishing

• Ancient Cina ( lived on by loudspeakers of many 'languages' o Sino-Tibetan language (most important); provided rise to modern China and Tibetan o Austroasiatic; gave climb to modern Vietnamese and Khmer to Indo-European; provided rise to modern The french language, English, Hindi • Scholarly debates over the origins of Chinese producing o Several argue; writing predates Shang ( marks found on Neolithic pottery broken phrases, dating to 5th millennium B. C. E. ▪ Problem: the marks tend not to match heroes found in the Shang oracle bones u Some argue; Chinese composing system was imported from outside Chinese suppliers ▪ Small evidence in this hypothesis

to Most claim; emergence of Chinese screenplay probably occurred not long before 1200 W. C. E. & was of local origin • Common misconceptions

to Chinese program is composed of pictographs (stylized pictorial representations) & ideograms (visual illustrations through association) ▪ Simple fact; few personas, ancient or modern, are true pictographs ← Early on Chinese charts represent phrases ← Number 1 . four, p. almost 8

o Oriental script it entirely unphonetic

▪ Reality; most characters have some phonetic component

The rise of the Bronze Grow older

• Late Neolithic Era = period of social diversity & social change, growth of sociable stratification to Material documents found at Longshan cultural sites • Key differences between Longshan & Yangshao

o Community enclosures constructed with rammed earth at Longshan ( implying need to protect against hostile ‘others' o Attention of wealth in the graves of Longshan ( indicating distribution of wealth was highly unequal, unlike Yangshao • How archeologists establish the Fermete Age

to Bronze Grow older...



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