Culture Composition

AS Sociology For AQA

[2nd Edition]

Unit 1: Culture and Identity

Philip. Livesey and Tony Lawson

Unit 1: Culture and Identity

Contents 1 . Distinct conceptions of culture, which include subculture, mass culture, everywhere culture, popular culture, global culture. a couple of

2 . The Socialisation Procedure and the Part of Companies of Socialisation.

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several. Sources and Different Conceptions in the Self, Identity and Difference.

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4. The Relationship of Identity to Age, Disability, Ethnicity, Sexuality, Nationality, Libido and Sociable Class in Contemporary Contemporary society. 5. Enjoyment, consumption and identity.

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1 ) Different ideas of lifestyle, including subculture, mass culture, high and low tradition, popular culture, global lifestyle. Secondly, we could note a simple distinction among two dimensions of culture: Material traditions consists of the physical things (" artifacts”), such as autos, mobile phones and books, a society produces and which in turn reflect ethnic knowledge, abilities, interests and preoccupations. Non-Material culture, alternatively, consists of the information and beliefs that influence people's conduct. In our tradition, for example , behaviour may be motivated by spiritual beliefs (such as Christianity, Islam or Buddhism) or scientific philosophy – your view of human advancement, for example , has probably recently been influenced simply by Darwin's (1859) theories. This kind of distinction, when necessary, is not hard-and-fast because physical artifacts (such as cellular phones) possess cultural connotations for the folks who develop and rely on them. A house, for instance , is not only somewhere to live (although that, of course , is usually it's main or meant purpose). Houses also have ethnic meanings – for both equally those who very own them and others who may. The type of residence someone owns, for example , says something about them and this illustrates a significant idea about the symbolic character of equally cultures as a whole and the artifacts they develop. There is, for example , nothing inherent in " a house” that tells us its meaning, as opposed to the purpose (or function). It could mean various things to different people and groupings within a particular culture, just as it could conceivably mean various things to different cultures.

Culture: Advantages

Culture can be described as significant principle for sociologists because it both equally identifies a fundamental set of ideas about what sociologists' study and suggests an important reason for the existence of Sociology itself – that human cultural behaviour could be explained inside the context of the social teams into which will people are created and inside which they live their lives. In this Phase we're going to check out a range of ideas concerning both traditions and its comparable version, identity also to do this we need to develop equally a working definition of culture and an understanding of its different dimensions.

Concepts of Culture: Observations

Understanding Culture

In the Introductory Part we provided a general definition of culture by representing this as a distinctive " technique of life”. All of us also known that traditions involves educating and learning (a socialisation process). Yet , in this Section we need to think a little more evidently about what we all mean by " culture” and we can do this by observing that the idea encompasses a range of ideas and meanings associated with roles, values and norms as well as institutional structures (such as types of relatives, work, educational and politics systems), values and the variety of " artistry and artifacts” produced by several cultures. In addition , we can add mix equally Dahl's (2001) argument that culture is usually " a collectively held set of qualities, which is energetic and changing over time” and the idea that Cultural artifacts (also regarded societies develop as ”books”). mechanisms for the transmitting of ethnic signs, icons and connotations (ideas most of us develop during this Chapter) from one era to the next.

A lot of types of housing may well mean more to people than...

References: Traditions and Identification

Berger, Philip (1997) " Four looks of global culture”: The Countrywide Interest, Number 49 [nationalinterest. org] Bocock, Robert (1986) " Hegemony”: Tavistock. Clothier, Ian (2006) " Hybridity and Creativity”: Aotearoa Cultural Network Journal Vol. 1, Issue 2 . Cooney, Patrick (1994) " The Only Non-Racist History of the USA”: The Vernon Johns Society. Dahl, Stephan (2001) " Communications and Culture Transformation: Ethnical Diversity, The positive effect and Ethnical Convergence”: Darwin, Charles (1998: first released 1859) " The Origin of Species”: Gramercy Books. Davis Caroline, (2000) " The Culture of Publishing Website”: Oxford Brookes University: Davis, Kingsley and Moore, Wilbert (1967; initially published 1945) " A few Principles of Stratification” in Bendix, Reinhard and Lipset, Seymour Martin (eds) " Class, Status and Power” (2nd edition): Routledge and Kegan Paul. Durkheim, Emile (1995, initially published 1912) " Primary Forms of the Religious Life” (translated by Karen Fields): The Totally free Press. Fisher, Glen (1997) " Mindsets: The Function of Tradition and Notion in Intercontinental Relations (2nd edition)”: Intercultural Press. Fisher, Stephen (2003) " Politics Sociology: Introduction”: University of Oxford Fiske, John (1995) " Popular Culture” in Frank Lentricchia and Jones McLaughlin (eds) " Essential Terms pertaining to Literary Study” (2nd ed): University of Chicago. Giddens, Anthony (2006) " Sociology” (5th edition): Polity Press. Gramsci, Antonio (1971: 1st published 1930 - 1934) " Choices from the Penitentiary Notebooks” modified and converted by Hoare, Quintin and Nowell Smith, Geoffrey: Lawrence and Wishart Hostede, Geert (1991) " Cultures and Organizations: Computer software of the Mind”: McGraw-Hill. Katz-Gerro, Tally, Raz, Sharon and Yaish, Meir (2007) " Class, Position, and the Intergenerational Transmission of Musical Likes in Israel*: University of Haifa Lechner, Frank (2001) " Globalisation Issues”: The Globalisation Website Lenski, Gerhard (1994) " New Light on Older Issues: The Relevance of 'Really Existing Socialist Communities ' intended for Stratification Theory" in Grusky, David (ed. ) " Social Couche: Class, Race, and Sexuality in Sociological Perspective”: Westview Press. Lynes, Russell (1949) " Highbrow, Lowbrow, Middlebrow”: Harper's Mag Matsumoto, David (2007) " Culture, Sentiment, and Expression”: New York Academy of Sciences. Mazrui, Ali (1996) " Perspective: The Muse of Modernity plus the Quest for. Development” in Philip Altbach and Salah Hassan (eds) " The Muse of Modernity: Essays on Culture while Development in Africa”: The african continent World Press Inc Merton, Robert (1957) " Sociable Theory and Social Structure”: Free Press. Meyersohn, Rolf (1977) " The Sociology of Popular Culture: Searching Backwards and Forwards”: Daily news presented for the American Sociological Association.

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AS Sociology For AQA

Lifestyle and Identity

Offe, Johanna (2001) " Smart guys plan for the future!: Cultural concepts of time plus the prevention of AIDS in Africa”: Afrika Range Vol. thirty eight, No . 1: Institute of African Affairs, German Commence of Global and Area Studies. Plumb, Donovan (1995) " Declining opportunities: adult education, culture, and postmodernity'” in Welton, Meters (ed) " In Protection (sic) from the Lifeworld: Essential Perspectives in Adult Learning”: State College or university of New York Press. Poulantzas, Nicos (1975) " Classes in Contemporary Capitalism”: Fresh Left Catalogs. Regev, Motti (2003) " Rockization: variety within similarity in world popular music” in Beck, Sznaider and Winter season (eds) " Global America? The Cultural Consequences of Globalization”: Gatwick University Press Ritzer, George (1996) " The McDonaldization of Society”: Pine Forge Press Ross, Kristina (1995) " Mass Culture”: www.mediahistory.umn.edu/masscult.html Rumford, Frank (2003): " Dude, wherever 's my personal country? By global America to global nothingness”: Review of Beck, Sznaider and Winter season (eds) " Global America? The Ethnical Consequences of Globalization”: Liverpool University Press Sklair, Leslie (1999) " Competing Concepts of Globalisation”: Journal of World-Systems Study, Vol. 5, No . installment payments on your Trowler, Paul (1996) " Investigating the Media”: HarperCollins Urry, Steve. Abercrombie, Nick and Turner, Bryan (1975) " The Dominant Ideology Thesis”: Routledge,

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