AS Sociology For AQA
Unit 1: Culture and Identity
Philip. Livesey and Tony Lawson
Unit 1: Culture and Identity
Contents 1 . Distinct conceptions of culture, which include subculture, mass culture, everywhere culture, popular culture, global culture. a couple of
2 . The Socialisation Procedure and the Part of Companies of Socialisation.
several. Sources and Different Conceptions in the Self, Identity and Difference.
4. The Relationship of Identity to Age, Disability, Ethnicity, Sexuality, Nationality, Libido and Sociable Class in Contemporary Contemporary society. 5. Enjoyment, consumption and identity.
1 ) Different ideas of lifestyle, including subculture, mass culture, high and low tradition, popular culture, global lifestyle. Secondly, we could note a simple distinction among two dimensions of culture: Material traditions consists of the physical things (" artifactsвЂќ), such as autos, mobile phones and books, a society produces and which in turn reflect ethnic knowledge, abilities, interests and preoccupations. Non-Material culture, alternatively, consists of the information and beliefs that influence people's conduct. In our tradition, for example , behaviour may be motivated by spiritual beliefs (such as Christianity, Islam or Buddhism) or scientific philosophy вЂ“ your view of human advancement, for example , has probably recently been influenced simply by Darwin's (1859) theories. This kind of distinction, when necessary, is not hard-and-fast because physical artifacts (such as cellular phones) possess cultural connotations for the folks who develop and rely on them. A house, for instance , is not only somewhere to live (although that, of course , is usually it's main or meant purpose). Houses also have ethnic meanings вЂ“ for both equally those who very own them and others who may. The type of residence someone owns, for example , says something about them and this illustrates a significant idea about the symbolic character of equally cultures as a whole and the artifacts they develop. There is, for example , nothing inherent in " a houseвЂќ that tells us its meaning, as opposed to the purpose (or function). It could mean various things to different people and groupings within a particular culture, just as it could conceivably mean various things to different cultures.
Culture can be described as significant principle for sociologists because it both equally identifies a fundamental set of ideas about what sociologists' study and suggests an important reason for the existence of Sociology itself вЂ“ that human cultural behaviour could be explained inside the context of the social teams into which will people are created and inside which they live their lives. In this Phase we're going to check out a range of ideas concerning both traditions and its comparable version, identity also to do this we need to develop equally a working definition of culture and an understanding of its different dimensions.
Concepts of Culture: Observations
In the Introductory Part we provided a general definition of culture by representing this as a distinctive " technique of lifeвЂќ. All of us also known that traditions involves educating and learning (a socialisation process). Yet , in this Section we need to think a little more evidently about what we all mean by " cultureвЂќ and we can do this by observing that the idea encompasses a range of ideas and meanings associated with roles, values and norms as well as institutional structures (such as types of relatives, work, educational and politics systems), values and the variety of " artistry and artifactsвЂќ produced by several cultures. In addition , we can add mix equally Dahl's (2001) argument that culture is usually " a collectively held set of qualities, which is energetic and changing over timeвЂќ and the idea that Cultural artifacts (also regarded societies develop as вЂќbooksвЂќ). mechanisms for the transmitting of ethnic signs, icons and connotations (ideas most of us develop during this Chapter) from one era to the next.
A lot of types of housing may well mean more to people than...
References: Traditions and Identification
Berger, Philip (1997) " Four looks of global cultureвЂќ: The Countrywide Interest, Number 49 [nationalinterest. org] Bocock, Robert (1986) " HegemonyвЂќ: Tavistock. Clothier, Ian (2006) " Hybridity and CreativityвЂќ: Aotearoa Cultural Network Journal Vol. 1, Issue 2 . Cooney, Patrick (1994) " The Only Non-Racist History of the USAвЂќ: The Vernon Johns Society. Dahl, Stephan (2001) " Communications and Culture Transformation: Ethnical Diversity, The positive effect and Ethnical ConvergenceвЂќ: Darwin, Charles (1998: first released 1859) " The Origin of SpeciesвЂќ: Gramercy Books. Davis Caroline, (2000) " The Culture of Publishing WebsiteвЂќ: Oxford Brookes University: Davis, Kingsley and Moore, Wilbert (1967; initially published 1945) " A few Principles of StratificationвЂќ in Bendix, Reinhard and Lipset, Seymour Martin (eds) " Class, Status and PowerвЂќ (2nd edition): Routledge and Kegan Paul. Durkheim, Emile (1995, initially published 1912) " Primary Forms of the Religious LifeвЂќ (translated by Karen Fields): The Totally free Press. Fisher, Glen (1997) " Mindsets: The Function of Tradition and Notion in Intercontinental Relations (2nd edition)вЂќ: Intercultural Press. Fisher, Stephen (2003) " Politics Sociology: IntroductionвЂќ: University of Oxford Fiske, John (1995) " Popular CultureвЂќ in Frank Lentricchia and Jones McLaughlin (eds) " Essential Terms pertaining to Literary StudyвЂќ (2nd ed): University of Chicago. Giddens, Anthony (2006) " SociologyвЂќ (5th edition): Polity Press. Gramsci, Antonio (1971: 1st published 1930 - 1934) " Choices from the Penitentiary NotebooksвЂќ modified and converted by Hoare, Quintin and Nowell Smith, Geoffrey: Lawrence and Wishart Hostede, Geert (1991) " Cultures and Organizations: Computer software of the MindвЂќ: McGraw-Hill. Katz-Gerro, Tally, Raz, Sharon and Yaish, Meir (2007) " Class, Position, and the Intergenerational Transmission of Musical Likes in Israel*: University of Haifa Lechner, Frank (2001) " Globalisation IssuesвЂќ: The Globalisation Website Lenski, Gerhard (1994) " New Light on Older Issues: The Relevance of 'Really Existing Socialist Communities ' intended for Stratification Theory" in Grusky, David (ed. ) " Social Couche: Class, Race, and Sexuality in Sociological PerspectiveвЂќ: Westview Press. Lynes, Russell (1949) " Highbrow, Lowbrow, MiddlebrowвЂќ: Harper's Mag Matsumoto, David (2007) " Culture, Sentiment, and ExpressionвЂќ: New York Academy of Sciences. Mazrui, Ali (1996) " Perspective: The Muse of Modernity plus the Quest for. DevelopmentвЂќ in Philip Altbach and Salah Hassan (eds) " The Muse of Modernity: Essays on Culture while Development in AfricaвЂќ: The african continent World Press Inc Merton, Robert (1957) " Sociable Theory and Social StructureвЂќ: Free Press. Meyersohn, Rolf (1977) " The Sociology of Popular Culture: Searching Backwards and ForwardsвЂќ: Daily news presented for the American Sociological Association.
AS Sociology For AQA
Lifestyle and Identity
Offe, Johanna (2001) " Smart guys plan for the future!: Cultural concepts of time plus the prevention of AIDS in AfricaвЂќ: Afrika Range Vol. thirty eight, No . 1: Institute of African Affairs, German Commence of Global and Area Studies. Plumb, Donovan (1995) " Declining opportunities: adult education, culture, and postmodernity'вЂќ in Welton, Meters (ed) " In Protection (sic) from the Lifeworld: Essential Perspectives in Adult LearningвЂќ: State College or university of New York Press. Poulantzas, Nicos (1975) " Classes in Contemporary CapitalismвЂќ: Fresh Left Catalogs. Regev, Motti (2003) " Rockization: variety within similarity in world popular musicвЂќ in Beck, Sznaider and Winter season (eds) " Global America? The Cultural Consequences of GlobalizationвЂќ: Gatwick University Press Ritzer, George (1996) " The McDonaldization of SocietyвЂќ: Pine Forge Press Ross, Kristina (1995) " Mass CultureвЂќ: www.mediahistory.umn.edu/masscult.html Rumford, Frank (2003): " Dude, wherever 's my personal country? By global America to global nothingnessвЂќ: Review of Beck, Sznaider and Winter season (eds) " Global America? The Ethnical Consequences of GlobalizationвЂќ: Liverpool University Press Sklair, Leslie (1999) " Competing Concepts of GlobalisationвЂќ: Journal of World-Systems Study, Vol. 5, No . installment payments on your Trowler, Paul (1996) " Investigating the MediaвЂќ: HarperCollins Urry, Steve. Abercrombie, Nick and Turner, Bryan (1975) " The Dominant Ideology ThesisвЂќ: Routledge,